ATTLEE, CLEMENT RICHARD, EARL°


ATTLEE, CLEMENT RICHARD, EARL°
ATTLEE, CLEMENT RICHARD, EARL° (1883–1967), British Labour Party leader (1935–55), deputy prime minister in Churchill's war cabinet (1940–45), and prime minister (1945–51). As a social worker in London's East End in the 1920s, Attlee had contact with Jewish labor organizations. Before he became prime minister, he expressed sympathy for the Jewish cause in Palestine and opposed the 1939 White Paper (see israel , Historical Survey). In December 1944 Attlee supported Labour's official pronouncement in favor of a Jewish majority in Palestine. As prime minister, however, he gave full support to the policy of his foreign secretary, ernest bevin , which involved Britain in a violent conflict with the Jews in Palestine in their struggle for full-scale immigration, especially of the survivors of the Holocaust, and for Jewish independence in Palestine. As Attlee was a Fabian socialist, the ideological basis of Zionism had no appeal for him. Later, Attlee   defended his policy in Palestine, claiming that incompatible assurances had been given to Arabs and Jews and blaming American "irresponsibility." His government recognized Israel in January 1949. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: C.R. Attlee, As It Happened (1954); Hugh Dalton, Memoirs (1945–1960) (1962), index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: K. Harris, Attlee (1995); M. Jones, Failure in Palestine (1986), index; ODNB online.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Attlee, Clement, 1st Earl Attlee of Walthamstow, Viscount Prestwood — ▪ prime minister of United Kingdom Introduction in full  Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee of Walthamstow, Viscount Prestwood  born January 3, 1883, Putney, London, England died October 8, 1967, Westminster, London  British Labour Party… …   Universalium

  • Attlee, Clement (Richard), 1st Earl Attlee of Walthamstow — born Jan. 3, 1883, Putney, London, Eng. died Oct. 8, 1967, Westminster, London British Labour Party leader (1935–55) and prime minister (1945–51). Committed to social reform, he lived for much of the years (1907–22) in a settlement house in… …   Universalium

  • Attlee, Clement (Richard) —  (1883–1967) British prime minister (1945–1951). Later made Earl Attlee …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Clement Richard Attlee — noun British statesman and leader of the Labour Party who instituted the welfare state in Britain (1883 1967) • Syn: ↑Attlee, ↑Clement Attlee, ↑1st Earl Attlee • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader …   Useful english dictionary

  • Attlee —   [ ætlɪ], Clement Richard, Earl (seit 1955), britischer Politiker, * London 3. 1. 1883, ✝ ebenda 8. 10. 1967; trat 1907 der Fabian Society bei und schloss sich der Labour Party an, war 1913 23 Dozent für Sozialwissenschaften an der London School …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Richard — /ri shahrd /; Fr. /rddee shannrdd /, n. Maurice /maw rees /; Fr. /moh rddees /, ( the Rocket ), born 1921, Canadian hockey player. /rich euhrd/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Allen Richard Arkwright Sir Richard Attlee… …   Universalium

  • Clement Attlee — noun British statesman and leader of the Labour Party who instituted the welfare state in Britain (1883 1967) • Syn: ↑Attlee, ↑Clement Richard Attlee, ↑1st Earl Attlee • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader * * * …   Useful english dictionary

  • clement — clemently, adv. /klem euhnt/, adj. 1. mild or merciful in disposition or character; lenient; compassionate: A clement judge reduced his sentence. 2. (of the weather) mild or temperate; pleasant. [1425 75; late ME ( < OF) < L clement , s. of… …   Universalium

  • Clement — /klem euhnt/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Attlee Clement Richard 1st Earl Attlee of Walthamstow Clement of Alexandria Saint Clement VI Clement VII Clement V Thomas Clement Douglas Greenberg Clement Moore Clement Clarke… …   Universalium

  • Attlee — noun British statesman and leader of the Labour Party who instituted the welfare state in Britain (1883 1967) • Syn: ↑Clement Attlee, ↑Clement Richard Attlee, ↑1st Earl Attlee • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader …   Useful english dictionary


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